Speech Therapy

The cornerstone of communication

At a Glance

  • Speech Therapy focus on how well a child is understood by parents, peers, and unfamiliar communication partners. Depending on age, some speech errors can be developmental (saying “tootie” for “cookie”) and others are the development of an articulation disorder. A speech therapist can help evaluate and determine the best course of action.

Articulation Problems

Not speaking clearly or difficulty being understood by other listeners. Mumbling, slurred speech, leaving the sounds of words, substituting letter sounds for others or other unfamiliar pattens in spoken speech.

Fluency Problems

Trouble with the flow of speech, such as stuttering. Seems to get stuck when speaking or repeats sounds and words.

Resonance or Voice Problems

Trouble with voice pitch, volume and quality. Speech may sound more nasal or voice is harsh.

Orofacial Myofunctional Disorders

An orofacial myofunctional disorder, or OMD, is also called tongue thrust. It can cause problems eating, drinking, and speaking. Can result in lisping within spoken speech.


Dysarthria is a speech disorder caused by muscle weakness. It can make it hard for you to talk. People may have trouble understanding what your child says.

Childhood Apraxia of Speech

Apraxia is a speech disorder caused by difficulty motor planning the movements needed within the mouth for speech production. Patterns are irregular in nature. Speech can improve with the combination of visual, verbal, and tactile cueing.

Spotlight: Childhood Apraxia of Speech

Thinking outside of the box

There is help available if you are worried about how your child speaks. Direct therapy can address oral motor concerns, speech articulation errors, and pacing of speech to insure therapy. Childhood Apraxia of Speech is a result of motor planning issues that involves the movements needed for accurate speech production. Therapy focuses on using tactile, gestural, model, and auditory cues to improve motor planning. It is important for therapy to be addressed within the most natural setting and at the conversation level.